Potential Health Risk from Water Damage
Water Damage – Cleanup needs to begin within 24-48 hours to avoid potential health risks and structural damage.
For most areas, it has been an unusual wet season and for some, it has been much worse than others. Water entering your home is never a pleasant experience. If water or dampness is not remediated quickly, it can cause a potential health risk to you and your family. Here is some precautions and remedies to consider when your home or items in it have come in contact with water.
Your health is important
Quick and proper clean-up is important for your health. If materials in your home are not cleaned up properly or discarded quickly, poor air quality can result. Microorganisms can contaminate indoor air and cause respiratory problems and allergies. Floodwaters can contain microorganisms such as bacteria, molds, and viruses. Flood waters can also contain raw sewage, dead animals, and other debris.
Dry out anything that came in direct contact with the water, such your home structure, wet carpet, drywall, cabinets, and furniture. If clean up does not begin quickly you may be at risk for long-term damage. The most critical part of the cleanup process is drying out the area completely. Moisture can hide in drywall and sub-flooring that may go undetected.
Signs of damage can include odors; mold and mildew on walls, bucked floors, peeling paint/wallpaper, and weakened sub-floors. It may be necessary to remove portions of walls, ceilings, and floors to completely dry out the house. Consider removing and replacing those materials to avoid future indoor air quality problems, especially if the drying process did not begin within 48 hours.
When To Hire A Professional
There are many different situations where water damage may occur, and depending on the source, water that causes damage to your home can be categorized into three basic types: clean water, gray water, and black water. Professional restoration companies will use different techniques to remove the water depending on its classification.
Clean Water – Clean water comes from a clean source such as a sink or bathtub overflow etc. Clean water sources usually do not contain any contaminants.
Gray Water – Gray Water comes from a source that may contain contaminants. such as snow / rainfall, dishwasher or washing machine overflows, or toilet overflows.
Black Water – Black water includes sewage, flood waters from rivers or streams, or ground water. Black water contains pathogenic, fungal, and viral contamination, pesticides, or heavy metals. Black water can be a serious health risk to anyone who comes in contact with it unprotected.
Insurance companies recommend and in most cases, require clean up quickly to avoid long-term damage. A Water Damage Restoration Company can provide you with an assessment to help you determine if you should be filing a claim with your insurance.
What Can You Do?
- Pump, sweep, or drain water from the building
- Remove any debris
- Remove furniture, carpets and other household items that were wet or damaged by water. (Wet and contaminated materials contain microorganisms that contaminate indoor air)
- Use fans (if it is safe to use electricity)
- Open windows to increase air circulation, ventilation and drying
- Use dehumidifiers with windows and doors closed
- May be necessary to remove portions of walls, ceilings, and floors to completely dry out the house
- May be necessary to remove insulation and wall-to- wall carpeting that were soaked to avoid future indoor air quality problems
- Continue the drying process for days or weeks until humidity levels return to normal (35-55%). There should not be a musty odor if the house is dried completely and properly
Determine The Source Of Water
There are many ways that water can enter you home; basement, roof, flood, leaky/broken pipe, appliance malfunction, etc. It is important to determine the source and solve the problem after you mitigate the immediate threat.